Environmental Legislation in South Africa

Legislative framework_1
Legislative framework_1

Waste generators and waste managers in the public and private sectors are being challenged by increasingly demanding environmental legislation in South Africa, particularly in light of potentially severe financial implications and a scarcity of technical expertise. EnviroServ Waste Management is a valued partner in helping clients achieve legally complaint, cost-effective and safe waste management.

Hazardous waste management
Changes to environmental legislation in South Africa are clear evidence that the South African Government intends to move waste up the well-known waste hierarchy and away from landfill disposal as a final solution. This inherently supports the philosophy of a circular economy where waste is recovered, recycled and reused where possible, rather than simply being disposed. This can be clearly seen in the Waste Regulations and their associated Norms and Standards that are introducing increasing prohibitions on wastes that should preferably be reduced, re-used, recycled or recovered rather than disposed to landfill. These prohibitions are summarised in the table below with many already being formalised and in place.

Reclaimable or recyclable used lubricating mineral oils, as well as oil filters, but excluding other oil-containing wastes.Four (4) yearsEffective Aug. 2017
No landfill disposal permissible
Reclaimable or recyclable used or spent solvents.Five (5) yearsEffective Aug. 2018
No landfill disposal permissible
Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) – Lights.Three (3) yearsEffective Aug. 2016
No landfill disposal permissible
Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) – Other.Eight (8) yearsLandfill disposal permissible until 2021
Waste tyres: Whole.ImmediateLandfill disposal illegal
Waste tyres: Quartered.Five (5) yearsEffective Aug. 2018
No landfill disposal permissible
Liquid waste:
•Waste which has an angle of repose of less than 5º, or becomes free-flowing at or below 60°C or when it is transported, or is not generally capable of being picked up by a spade or shovel; or
• Waste with a moisture content of  40% or that liberates moisture under pressure in landfill conditions, and which has not been stabilised by treatment.Six (6) yearsEffective Aug. 2019
No landfill disposal permissible
Hazardous waste with a calorific value of:  
• 25 MJ/kgFour (4) yearsEffective Aug. 2017
No landfill disposal permissible
• 20 MJ/kgSix (6) yearsEffective Aug. 2019
No landfill disposal permissible
• 10 MJ/kgTwelve (12) yearsLandfill disposal permissible until 2025
Brine or waste with a high salt content (TDS  5%), and an LC concentration for TDS of more than the LCT2 value prescribed for TDS. Eight (8) yearsLandfill disposal permissible until 2021
Disposal of garden waste:  
• 25% diversion from baseline of separated garden waste.Five (5) yearsEffective Aug. 2018
• 50% diversion from baseline of separated garden waste.Ten (10) yearsEffective Aug. 2023

EnviroServ has spent considerable time and effort in identifying suitable waste management solutions that will be able to replace landfill disposal as required, serving our customers now and into the future.

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